The Magazine of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America


AA scales back God references

The original manuscript of the basic text for Alcoholics Anonymous, known as "The Big Book," reduced its references to God to appeal to a wider audience.

Hazelden, a nonprofit addiction treatment center, will release the working manuscript written by AA's co-founder.

The hand-written changes on the manuscript reveal a debate on how openly God should be a part of addiction recovery in the book.

The adoption of more vague religious terms included such phrases as "higher power" and the "God of your understanding."


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