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The Magazine of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

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AA scales back God references

The original manuscript of the basic text for Alcoholics Anonymous, known as "The Big Book," reduced its references to God to appeal to a wider audience.

Hazelden, a nonprofit addiction treatment center, will release the working manuscript written by AA's co-founder.

The hand-written changes on the manuscript reveal a debate on how openly God should be a part of addiction recovery in the book.

The adoption of more vague religious terms included such phrases as "higher power" and the "God of your understanding."


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