Maria Jepsen, the world's first woman elected as a Lutheran bishop, resigned in Hamburg in July after allegations that she failed to properly investigate cases of sexual abuse.
She led the North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church.
The abuse cases date back to the 1980s when a pastor in Ahrensburg, Germany, reportedly sexually abused as many as 20 children.
Jepsen said she had only become aware of the cases in March when a victim wrote to her.
But German media reports said she knew of the behavior as early as 1999. Jepsen, 65, was due to retire in 2012.
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