• Joint Synod of Ohio: The Evangelical Lutheran Joint Synod of Ohio and Other States began in 1812 as an offshoot of the Pennsylvania Ministerium. Independent by 1818, it grew in the mid-19th century as Germans emigrated to the Midwest. The Joint Synod of Ohio merged with the Iowa Synod and the Buffalo Synod in 1930, forming the American Lutheran Church, one of the bodies that formed The American Lutheran Church in 1960. The latter was an ELCA predecessor.
• Hermannsburg Mission Society: This German mission group began working in India in 1864. The society’s Telugu mission was taken over by the Joint Synod of Ohio during World War I.
C.V. Sheatsley (left) and E.R. Day visit the Sphinx and pyramids in Egypt in December 1920. Sheatsley, a special commissioner of the Joint Synod of Ohio (see "More…" at right), was returning from negotiating with the British government in India for the takeover of the former field of the Hermannsburg Mission Society. Day was likely a British Army chaplain in India and a fellow passenger aboard the S.S. Narkunda. The Joint Synod of Ohio was a predecessor of the American Lutheran Church, one of the three churches that merged in 1987 to form the ELCA. The Hermannsburg Mission Society was a global mission group based in Germany.
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