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The Magazine of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

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A brief (Middle East) history

1917: British king's Balfour Declaration states he favors the establishment of a homeland for Jewish people in Palestine, "it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine ...."

1922-1939: Palestinians revolt against British occupation and Jewish immigration.

1948: Israel declares statehood. War erupts, resulting in a divided Jerusalem and 650,000 Palestinian refugees.

1967: In Six Day War, Israel occupies West Bank, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights and Sinai, and annexes East Jerusalem, resulting in 600,000 Palestinian refugees. U.N. Security Council Resolution 242 is adopted, calling for Israeli withdrawal from occupied territories, Arab states' recognition of Israel and an end to war.

1978: Israel and Egypt sign peace treaty.


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September issue

SEPTEMBER issue:

Reinventing Sunday school

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