Classic symptoms of depression:
• Persistent sad, anxious or "empty" mood.
• Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism.
• Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness.
• Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were once enjoyed, including sex.
• Decreased energy, fatigue, being "slowed down."
• Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions.
• Insomnia, early-morning awakening or oversleeping.
• Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain.
• Thoughts of death or suicide; suicide attempts.
• Restlessness, irritability.
• Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain.
'Male-specific' symptoms of depression:
• Increased withdrawal from relationships.
• Increased impulsivity.
• Over-involvement with work.
• Denial of pain.
• Increasingly rigid demands for autonomy.
• Avoiding the help of others.
• Shift in interest in sex (decrease or increase).
• Increase in angry outbursts.
• New or renewed interest in alcohol or drugs.
© 2014 Augsburg Fortress, Publishers