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The Magazine of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

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What does that mean?

Glossary of computer terms

Browser

The program that allows you to view Web pages. Netscape and Microsoft Internet Explorer are the two big ones.

URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

A site's address, so to speak. It allows you to point your browser at any machine in the world and retrieve readable documents. For example, The Lutheran's URL is http://www.thelutheran.org.

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

The coding language that is used for Web pages. It's not a programming language but rather a system of "tagging" elements to make them appear a certain way. For example, <i> is the HTML code for italics.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format), JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)

These are the two main graphics formats for use in Web pages.

JavaScript

A scripting language that is not dependent on a systems hardware and therefore will run on any machine with a Java interpreter (which includes most browsers). They are imbedded in the HTML code of a page to create elements like pull-down menus and more.

CGI (Common Gateway Interface)

A programming interface used to link Web page databases and other programs. Unlike JavaScript, CGI is hosted on the server and is not imbedded in an HTML page. CGI can be used to create chat rooms, bulletin boards and forms.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

Used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network, such as the Internet. It includes functions to log into networks and copy files. FTP is used often to upload your Web pages from your computer to the host server.

Telnet

A terminal emulation protocol used to allow users to log onto and run programs from a remote computer.

For more definitions, see the TechEncyclopedia.




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October issue

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