- The program that allows you to view Web pages. Netscape and Microsoft Internet Explorer are the two big ones.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
- A site's address, so to speak. It allows you to point your browser at any machine in the world and retrieve readable documents. For example, The Lutheran's URL is http://www.thelutheran.org.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
- The coding language that is used for Web pages. It's not a programming language but rather a system of "tagging" elements to make them appear a certain way. For example, <i> is the HTML code for italics.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format), JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group)
- These are the two main graphics formats for use in Web pages.
- A scripting language that is not dependent on a systems hardware and therefore will run on any machine with a Java interpreter (which includes most browsers). They are imbedded in the HTML code of a page to create elements like pull-down menus and more.
CGI (Common Gateway Interface)
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
- Used to transfer files over a TCP/IP network, such as the Internet. It includes functions to log into networks and copy files. FTP is used often to upload your Web pages from your computer to the host server.
- A terminal emulation protocol used to allow users to log onto and run programs from a remote computer.
For more definitions, see the TechEncyclopedia.