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The Magazine of The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America

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About the Apocryha

How do Lutherans use these texts

I thought the Protestant reformers didn't accept the books of the Apocrypha as Scripture just as most Protestant evangelicals reject them today. Haven't I seen lessons in the Celebrate from the Apocrypha? What was Martin Luther's opinion? What is the ELCA's position compared to the Episcopal position?

The Apocrypha are those 12 books found in the Greek and Latin Bibles (The Septuagint and The Vulgate) but not in the Hebrew Bible. This block of literature represents the theological development in some parts of Israel's faith roughly between 200 B.C. and A.D. 100. Some of this material is apocalyptic and wisdom literature such as Sirach, The Wisdom of Solomon, and 1 and 2 Esdras. Some is of a historical nature, such as 1 Maccabees, and some are simply stories and legends like Tobit, Bel and the Dragon, and Susanna. These books are considered part of the canonical Scriptures of Roman Catholics and Orthodox.


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