Miron Zuckerman, a psychologist at the University of Rochester (N.Y.), studied almost a century's worth of data and concluded that the smarter you are, the less likely you are to believe in God. But Lillian Daniel, a pastor and author of When 'Spiritual But Not Religious' is Not Enough (Jericho Books, 2013), said many intelligent people are comfortable with "the metaphor and mystery" of faith. "It's not that intelligence leads to atheism, or education leads to loss of faith," she said. "But I think there is a certain peer pressure as one moves up the educational ladder to dismiss all religion as fundamentalism. It's one of the last acceptable biases in an environment that prides itself on being open-minded."
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